pyboard.py 16.7 KB
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#!/usr/bin/env python
#
# This file is part of the MicroPython project, http://micropython.org/
#
# The MIT License (MIT)
#
# Copyright (c) 2014-2016 Damien P. George
# Copyright (c) 2017 Paul Sokolovsky
#
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
# of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
# in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
# to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
# copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
# furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
#
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
# all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
#
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
# IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
# AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
# LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
# OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
# THE SOFTWARE.

"""
pyboard interface

This module provides the Pyboard class, used to communicate with and
control a MicroPython device over a communication channel. Both real
boards and emulated devices (e.g. running in QEMU) are supported.
Various communication channels are supported, including a serial
connection, telnet-style network connection, external process
connection.

Example usage:

    import pyboard
    pyb = pyboard.Pyboard('/dev/ttyACM0')

Or:

    pyb = pyboard.Pyboard('192.168.1.1')

Then:

    pyb.enter_raw_repl()
    pyb.exec('import pyb')
    pyb.exec('pyb.LED(1).on()')
    pyb.exit_raw_repl()

Note: if using Python2 then pyb.exec must be written as pyb.exec_.
To run a script from the local machine on the board and print out the results:

    import pyboard
    pyboard.execfile('test.py', device='/dev/ttyACM0')

This script can also be run directly.  To execute a local script, use:

    ./pyboard.py test.py

Or:

    python pyboard.py test.py

"""

import sys
import time
import os

try:
    stdout = sys.stdout.buffer
except AttributeError:
    # Python2 doesn't have buffer attr
    stdout = sys.stdout


def stdout_write_bytes(b):
    b = b.replace(b"\x04", b"")
    stdout.write(b)
    stdout.flush()


class PyboardError(Exception):
    pass


class TelnetToSerial:
    def __init__(self, ip, user, password, read_timeout=None):
        self.tn = None
        import telnetlib

        self.tn = telnetlib.Telnet(ip, timeout=15)
        self.read_timeout = read_timeout
        if b"Login as:" in self.tn.read_until(b"Login as:", timeout=read_timeout):
            self.tn.write(bytes(user, "ascii") + b"\r\n")

            if b"Password:" in self.tn.read_until(b"Password:", timeout=read_timeout):
                # needed because of internal implementation details of the telnet server
                time.sleep(0.2)
                self.tn.write(bytes(password, "ascii") + b"\r\n")

                if b"for more information." in self.tn.read_until(
                    b'Type "help()" for more information.', timeout=read_timeout
                ):
                    # login successful
                    from collections import deque

                    self.fifo = deque()
                    return

        raise PyboardError("Failed to establish a telnet connection with the board")

    def __del__(self):
        self.close()

    def close(self):
        if self.tn:
            self.tn.close()

    def read(self, size=1):
        while len(self.fifo) < size:
            timeout_count = 0
            data = self.tn.read_eager()
            if len(data):
                self.fifo.extend(data)
                timeout_count = 0
            else:
                time.sleep(0.25)
                if (
                    self.read_timeout is not None
                    and timeout_count > 4 * self.read_timeout
                ):
                    break
                timeout_count += 1

        data = b""
        while len(data) < size and len(self.fifo) > 0:
            data += bytes([self.fifo.popleft()])
        return data

    def write(self, data):
        self.tn.write(data)
        return len(data)

    def inWaiting(self):
        n_waiting = len(self.fifo)
        if not n_waiting:
            data = self.tn.read_eager()
            self.fifo.extend(data)
            return len(data)
        else:
            return n_waiting


class ProcessToSerial:
    "Execute a process and emulate serial connection using its stdin/stdout."

    def __init__(self, cmd):
        import subprocess

        self.subp = subprocess.Popen(
            cmd,
            bufsize=0,
            shell=True,
            preexec_fn=os.setsid,
            stdin=subprocess.PIPE,
            stdout=subprocess.PIPE,
        )

        # Initially was implemented with selectors, but that adds Python3
        # dependency. However, there can be race conditions communicating
        # with a particular child process (like QEMU), and selectors may
        # still work better in that case, so left inplace for now.
        #
        # import selectors
        # self.sel = selectors.DefaultSelector()
        # self.sel.register(self.subp.stdout, selectors.EVENT_READ)

        import select

        self.poll = select.poll()
        self.poll.register(self.subp.stdout.fileno())

    def close(self):
        import signal

        os.killpg(os.getpgid(self.subp.pid), signal.SIGTERM)

    def read(self, size=1):
        data = b""
        while len(data) < size:
            data += self.subp.stdout.read(size - len(data))
        return data

    def write(self, data):
        self.subp.stdin.write(data)
        return len(data)

    def inWaiting(self):
        # res = self.sel.select(0)
        res = self.poll.poll(0)
        if res:
            return 1
        return 0


class ProcessPtyToTerminal:
    """Execute a process which creates a PTY and prints slave PTY as
    first line of its output, and emulate serial connection using
    this PTY."""

    def __init__(self, cmd):
        import subprocess
        import re
        import serial

        self.subp = subprocess.Popen(
            cmd.split(),
            bufsize=0,
            shell=False,
            preexec_fn=os.setsid,
            stdin=subprocess.PIPE,
            stdout=subprocess.PIPE,
            stderr=subprocess.PIPE,
        )
        pty_line = self.subp.stderr.readline().decode("utf-8")
        m = re.search(r"/dev/pts/[0-9]+", pty_line)
        if not m:
            print("Error: unable to find PTY device in startup line:", pty_line)
            self.close()
            sys.exit(1)
        pty = m.group()
        # rtscts, dsrdtr params are to workaround pyserial bug:
        # http://stackoverflow.com/questions/34831131/pyserial-does-not-play-well-with-virtual-port
        self.ser = serial.Serial(pty, interCharTimeout=1, rtscts=True, dsrdtr=True)

    def close(self):
        import signal

        os.killpg(os.getpgid(self.subp.pid), signal.SIGTERM)

    def read(self, size=1):
        return self.ser.read(size)

    def write(self, data):
        return self.ser.write(data)

    def inWaiting(self):
        return self.ser.inWaiting()


class Pyboard:
    def __init__(
        self, device, baudrate=115200, user="micro", password="python", wait=0
    ):
        if device.startswith("exec:"):
            self.serial = ProcessToSerial(device[len("exec:") :])
        elif device.startswith("execpty:"):
            self.serial = ProcessPtyToTerminal(device[len("qemupty:") :])
        elif (
            device
            and device[0].isdigit()
            and device[-1].isdigit()
            and device.count(".") == 3
        ):
            # device looks like an IP address
            self.serial = TelnetToSerial(device, user, password, read_timeout=10)
        else:
            import serial

            delayed = False
            for attempt in range(wait + 1):
                try:
                    self.serial = serial.Serial(
                        device, baudrate=baudrate, interCharTimeout=1
                    )
                    break
                except (OSError, IOError):  # Py2 and Py3 have different errors
                    if wait == 0:
                        continue
                    if attempt == 0:
                        sys.stdout.write("Waiting {} seconds for pyboard ".format(wait))
                        delayed = True
                time.sleep(1)
                sys.stdout.write(".")
                sys.stdout.flush()
            else:
                if delayed:
                    print("")
                raise PyboardError("failed to access " + device)
            if delayed:
                print("")

    def close(self):
        self.serial.close()

    def read_until(self, min_num_bytes, ending, timeout=10, data_consumer=None):
        # if data_consumer is used then data is not accumulated and the ending must be 1 byte long
        assert data_consumer is None or len(ending) == 1

        data = self.serial.read(min_num_bytes)
        if data_consumer:
            data_consumer(data)
        timeout_count = 0
        while True:
            if data.endswith(ending):
                break
            elif self.serial.inWaiting() > 0:
                new_data = self.serial.read(1)
                if data_consumer:
                    data_consumer(new_data)
                    data = new_data
                else:
                    data = data + new_data
                timeout_count = 0
            else:
                timeout_count += 1
                if timeout is not None and timeout_count >= 100 * timeout:
                    break
                time.sleep(0.01)
        return data

    def enter_raw_repl(self):
        self.serial.write(b"\r\x03\x03")  # ctrl-C twice: interrupt any running program

        # flush input (without relying on serial.flushInput())
        n = self.serial.inWaiting()
        while n > 0:
            self.serial.read(n)
            n = self.serial.inWaiting()

        self.serial.write(b"\r\x01")  # ctrl-A: enter raw REPL
        data = self.read_until(1, b"raw REPL; CTRL-B to exit\r\n>")
        if not data.endswith(b"raw REPL; CTRL-B to exit\r\n>"):
            print(data)
            raise PyboardError("could not enter raw repl")

        self.serial.write(b"\x04")  # ctrl-D: soft reset
        data = self.read_until(1, b"soft reboot\r\n")
        if not data.endswith(b"soft reboot\r\n"):
            print(data)
            raise PyboardError("could not enter raw repl")
        # By splitting this into 2 reads, it allows boot.py to print stuff,
        # which will show up after the soft reboot and before the raw REPL.
        data = self.read_until(1, b"raw REPL; CTRL-B to exit\r\n")
        if not data.endswith(b"raw REPL; CTRL-B to exit\r\n"):
            print(data)
            raise PyboardError("could not enter raw repl")

    def exit_raw_repl(self):
        self.serial.write(b"\r\x02")  # ctrl-B: enter friendly REPL

    def follow(self, timeout, data_consumer=None):
        # wait for normal output
        data = self.read_until(1, b"\x04", timeout=timeout, data_consumer=data_consumer)
        if not data.endswith(b"\x04"):
            raise PyboardError("timeout waiting for first EOF reception")
        data = data[:-1]

        # wait for error output
        data_err = self.read_until(1, b"\x04", timeout=timeout)
        if not data_err.endswith(b"\x04"):
            raise PyboardError("timeout waiting for second EOF reception")
        data_err = data_err[:-1]

        # return normal and error output
        return data, data_err

    def exec_raw_no_follow(self, command):
        if isinstance(command, bytes):
            command_bytes = command
        else:
            command_bytes = bytes(command, encoding="utf8")

        # check we have a prompt
        data = self.read_until(1, b">")
        if not data.endswith(b">"):
            raise PyboardError("could not enter raw repl")

        # write command
        for i in range(0, len(command_bytes), 256):
            self.serial.write(command_bytes[i : min(i + 256, len(command_bytes))])
            time.sleep(0.01)
        self.serial.write(b"\x04")

        # check if we could exec command
        data = self.serial.read(2)
        if data != b"OK":
            raise PyboardError("could not exec command (response: %r)" % data)

    def exec_raw(self, command, timeout=10, data_consumer=None):
        self.exec_raw_no_follow(command)
        return self.follow(timeout, data_consumer)

    def eval(self, expression):
        ret = self.exec_("print({})".format(expression))
        ret = ret.strip()
        return ret

    def exec_(self, command):
        ret, ret_err = self.exec_raw(command)
        if ret_err:
            raise PyboardError("exception", ret, ret_err)
        return ret

    def execfile(self, filename):
        with open(filename, "rb") as f:
            pyfile = f.read()
        return self.exec_(pyfile)

    def get_time(self):
        t = str(self.eval("pyb.RTC().datetime()"), encoding="utf8")[1:-1].split(", ")
        return int(t[4]) * 3600 + int(t[5]) * 60 + int(t[6])


# in Python2 exec is a keyword so one must use "exec_"
# but for Python3 we want to provide the nicer version "exec"
setattr(Pyboard, "exec", Pyboard.exec_)


def execfile(
    filename, device="/dev/ttyACM0", baudrate=115200, user="micro", password="python"
):
    pyb = Pyboard(device, baudrate, user, password)
    pyb.enter_raw_repl()
    output = pyb.execfile(filename)
    stdout_write_bytes(output)
    pyb.exit_raw_repl()
    pyb.close()


def main():
    import argparse

    cmd_parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description="Run scripts on the pyboard.")
    cmd_parser.add_argument(
        "--device",
        default="/dev/ttyACM0",
        help="the serial device or the IP address of the pyboard",
    )
    cmd_parser.add_argument(
        "-b", "--baudrate", default=115200, help="the baud rate of the serial device"
    )
    cmd_parser.add_argument(
        "-u", "--user", default="micro", help="the telnet login username"
    )
    cmd_parser.add_argument(
        "-p", "--password", default="python", help="the telnet login password"
    )
    cmd_parser.add_argument("-c", "--command", help="program passed in as string")
    cmd_parser.add_argument(
        "-w",
        "--wait",
        default=0,
        type=int,
        help="seconds to wait for USB connected board to become available",
    )
    cmd_parser.add_argument(
        "--follow",
        action="store_true",
        help="follow the output after running the scripts [default if no scripts given]",
    )
    cmd_parser.add_argument("files", nargs="*", help="input files")
    args = cmd_parser.parse_args()

    # open the connection to the pyboard
    try:
        pyb = Pyboard(args.device, args.baudrate, args.user, args.password, args.wait)
    except PyboardError as er:
        print(er)
        sys.exit(1)

    # run any command or file(s)
    if args.command is not None or len(args.files):
        # we must enter raw-REPL mode to execute commands
        # this will do a soft-reset of the board
        try:
            pyb.enter_raw_repl()
        except PyboardError as er:
            print(er)
            pyb.close()
            sys.exit(1)

        def execbuffer(buf):
            try:
                ret, ret_err = pyb.exec_raw(
                    buf, timeout=None, data_consumer=stdout_write_bytes
                )
            except PyboardError as er:
                print(er)
                pyb.close()
                sys.exit(1)
            except KeyboardInterrupt:
                sys.exit(1)
            if ret_err:
                pyb.exit_raw_repl()
                pyb.close()
                stdout_write_bytes(ret_err)
                sys.exit(1)

        # run the command, if given
        if args.command is not None:
            execbuffer(args.command.encode("utf-8"))

        # run any files
        for filename in args.files:
            with open(filename, "rb") as f:
                pyfile = f.read()
                execbuffer(pyfile)

        # exiting raw-REPL just drops to friendly-REPL mode
        pyb.exit_raw_repl()

    # if asked explicitly, or no files given, then follow the output
    if args.follow or (args.command is None and len(args.files) == 0):
        try:
            ret, ret_err = pyb.follow(timeout=None, data_consumer=stdout_write_bytes)
        except PyboardError as er:
            print(er)
            sys.exit(1)
        except KeyboardInterrupt:
            sys.exit(1)
        if ret_err:
            pyb.close()
            stdout_write_bytes(ret_err)
            sys.exit(1)

    # close the connection to the pyboard
    pyb.close()


if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()