Commit db6c9946 authored by David Brownell's avatar David Brownell
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ARM: start abstracting ADIv5 transports (JTAG/SWD)



To support both JTAG and SWD, ADIv5 needs DAP operations which are
transport-neutral, instead being of JTAG-specific.  This patch:

 - Defines such a transport-neutral interface, abstracting access
   to DP and AP registers through a conceptual queue of operations.

 - Builds the first implementation of such a transport with the existing
   JTAG-specific code.

In contrast to the current JTAG-only interface, the interface adds
support for two previously-missing (and unused) DAP operations:

 - aborting the current AP transaction (untested);
 - reading the IDCODE register (tested) ... required for SWD init.

The choice of transports may be fixed at the chip, board, or JTAG/SWD
adapter level.  Or if all the relevant hardware supports both transport
options, the choice may be made at runtime, This patch provides basic
infrastructure to support whichever choice is made.

The current "JTAG-only" transport choice policy will necessarily continue
for now, until SWD support becomes available in OpenOCD.  Later patches
start phasing out JTAG-specific calls in favor of transport-neutral calls.

Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid Brownell <dbrownell@users.sourceforge.net>
parent d72e90ae
...@@ -350,6 +350,11 @@ int jtagdp_transaction_endcheck(struct swjdp_common *swjdp) ...@@ -350,6 +350,11 @@ int jtagdp_transaction_endcheck(struct swjdp_common *swjdp)
* * * *
***************************************************************************/ ***************************************************************************/
/* FIXME remove dap_dp_{read,write}_reg() ... these should become the
* bodies of the JTAG implementations of dap_queue_dp_{read,write}() and
* callers should switch over to the transport-neutral calls.
*/
static int dap_dp_write_reg(struct swjdp_common *swjdp, static int dap_dp_write_reg(struct swjdp_common *swjdp,
uint32_t value, uint8_t reg_addr) uint32_t value, uint8_t reg_addr)
{ {
...@@ -403,6 +408,12 @@ static int dap_ap_bankselect(struct swjdp_common *swjdp, uint32_t ap_reg) ...@@ -403,6 +408,12 @@ static int dap_ap_bankselect(struct swjdp_common *swjdp, uint32_t ap_reg)
return ERROR_OK; return ERROR_OK;
} }
/* FIXME remove dap_ap_{read,write}_reg() and dap_ap_write_reg_u32()
* ... these should become the bodies of the JTAG implementations of
* dap_queue_ap_{read,write}(), then all their current callers should
* switch over to the transport-neutral calls.
*/
static int dap_ap_write_reg(struct swjdp_common *swjdp, static int dap_ap_write_reg(struct swjdp_common *swjdp,
uint32_t reg_addr, uint8_t *out_value_buf) uint32_t reg_addr, uint8_t *out_value_buf)
{ {
...@@ -1143,6 +1154,107 @@ int mem_ap_read_buf_u8(struct swjdp_common *swjdp, uint8_t *buffer, ...@@ -1143,6 +1154,107 @@ int mem_ap_read_buf_u8(struct swjdp_common *swjdp, uint8_t *buffer,
return retval; return retval;
} }
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static int jtag_idcode_q_read(struct swjdp_common *dap,
uint8_t *ack, uint32_t *data)
{
struct arm_jtag *jtag_info = dap->jtag_info;
int retval;
struct scan_field fields[1];
jtag_set_end_state(TAP_IDLE);
/* This is a standard JTAG operation -- no DAP tweakage */
retval = arm_jtag_set_instr(jtag_info, JTAG_DP_IDCODE, NULL);
if (retval != ERROR_OK)
return retval;
fields[0].tap = jtag_info->tap;
fields[0].num_bits = 32;
fields[0].out_value = NULL;
fields[0].in_value = (void *) data;
jtag_add_dr_scan(1, fields, jtag_get_end_state());
retval = jtag_get_error();
if (retval != ERROR_OK)
return retval;
jtag_add_callback(arm_le_to_h_u32,
(jtag_callback_data_t) data);
return retval;
}
static int jtag_dp_q_read(struct swjdp_common *dap, unsigned reg,
uint32_t *data)
{
return dap_dp_read_reg(dap, data, reg);
}
static int jtag_dp_q_write(struct swjdp_common *dap, unsigned reg,
uint32_t data)
{
return dap_dp_write_reg(dap, data, reg);
}
static int jtag_ap_q_bankselect(struct swjdp_common *dap, unsigned reg)
{
uint32_t select = reg & 0x000000F0;
if (select == dap->ap_bank_value)
return ERROR_OK;
dap->ap_bank_value = select;
select |= dap->apsel;
return jtag_dp_q_write(dap, DP_SELECT, select);
}
static int jtag_ap_q_read(struct swjdp_common *dap, unsigned reg,
uint32_t *data)
{
int retval = jtag_ap_q_bankselect(dap, reg);
if (retval != ERROR_OK)
return retval;
return dap_ap_read_reg_u32(dap, reg, data);
}
static int jtag_ap_q_write(struct swjdp_common *dap, unsigned reg,
uint32_t data)
{
int retval = jtag_ap_q_bankselect(dap, reg);
if (retval != ERROR_OK)
return retval;
return dap_ap_write_reg_u32(dap, reg, data);
}
static int jtag_ap_q_abort(struct swjdp_common *dap, uint8_t *ack)
{
/* for JTAG, this is the only valid ABORT register operation */
return adi_jtag_dp_scan_u32(dap, JTAG_DP_ABORT,
0, DPAP_WRITE, 1, NULL, ack);
}
static int jtag_dp_run(struct swjdp_common *dap)
{
return jtagdp_transaction_endcheck(dap);
}
static const struct dap_ops jtag_dp_ops = {
.queue_idcode_read = jtag_idcode_q_read,
.queue_dp_read = jtag_dp_q_read,
.queue_dp_write = jtag_dp_q_write,
.queue_ap_read = jtag_ap_q_read,
.queue_ap_write = jtag_ap_q_write,
.queue_ap_abort = jtag_ap_q_abort,
.run = jtag_dp_run,
};
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/** /**
* Initialize a DAP. This sets up the power domains, prepares the DP * Initialize a DAP. This sets up the power domains, prepares the DP
* for further use, and arranges to use AP #0 for all AP operations * for further use, and arranges to use AP #0 for all AP operations
...@@ -1164,6 +1276,9 @@ int ahbap_debugport_init(struct swjdp_common *swjdp) ...@@ -1164,6 +1276,9 @@ int ahbap_debugport_init(struct swjdp_common *swjdp)
LOG_DEBUG(" "); LOG_DEBUG(" ");
/* JTAG-DP or SWJ-DP, in JTAG mode */
swjdp->ops = &jtag_dp_ops;
/* Default MEM-AP setup. /* Default MEM-AP setup.
* *
* REVISIT AP #0 may be an inappropriate default for this. * REVISIT AP #0 may be an inappropriate default for this.
......
...@@ -124,10 +124,22 @@ ...@@ -124,10 +124,22 @@
* transport agent; and at least one Access Port (AP), controlling * transport agent; and at least one Access Port (AP), controlling
* resource access. Most common is a MEM-AP, for memory access. * resource access. Most common is a MEM-AP, for memory access.
* *
* There are two basic DP transports: JTAG, and ARM's low pin-count SWD.
* Accordingly, this interface is responsible for hiding the transport
* differences so upper layer code can largely ignore them.
*
* When the chip is implemented with JTAG-DP or SW-DP, the transport is
* fixed as JTAG or SWD, respectively. Chips incorporating SWJ-DP permit
* a choice made at board design time (by only using the SWD pins), or
* as part of setting up a debug session (if all the dual-role JTAG/SWD
* signals are available).
*
* @todo Rename "swjdp_common" as "dap". Use of SWJ-DP is optional! * @todo Rename "swjdp_common" as "dap". Use of SWJ-DP is optional!
*/ */
struct swjdp_common struct swjdp_common
{ {
const struct dap_ops *ops;
struct arm_jtag *jtag_info; struct arm_jtag *jtag_info;
/* Control config */ /* Control config */
uint32_t dp_ctrl_stat; uint32_t dp_ctrl_stat;
...@@ -175,6 +187,157 @@ struct swjdp_common ...@@ -175,6 +187,157 @@ struct swjdp_common
}; };
/**
* Transport-neutral representation of queued DAP transactions, supporting
* both JTAG and SWD transports. All submitted transactions are logically
* queued, until the queue is executed by run(). Some implementations might
* execute transactions as soon as they're submitted, but no status is made
* availablue until run().
*/
struct dap_ops {
/** If the DAP transport isn't SWD, it must be JTAG. Upper level
* code may need to care about the difference in some cases.
*/
bool is_swd;
/** Reads the DAP's IDCODe register. */
int (*queue_idcode_read)(struct swjdp_common *dap,
uint8_t *ack, uint32_t *data);
/** DP register read. */
int (*queue_dp_read)(struct swjdp_common *dap, unsigned reg,
uint32_t *data);
/** DP register write. */
int (*queue_dp_write)(struct swjdp_common *dap, unsigned reg,
uint32_t data);
/** AP register read. */
int (*queue_ap_read)(struct swjdp_common *dap, unsigned reg,
uint32_t *data);
/** AP register write. */
int (*queue_ap_write)(struct swjdp_common *dap, unsigned reg,
uint32_t data);
/** AP operation abort. */
int (*queue_ap_abort)(struct swjdp_common *dap, uint8_t *ack);
/** Executes all queued DAP operations. */
int (*run)(struct swjdp_common *dap);
};
/**
* Queue an IDCODE register read. This is primarily useful for SWD
* transports, where it is required as part of link initialization.
* (For JTAG, this register is read as part of scan chain setup.)
*
* @param dap The DAP used for reading.
* @param ack Pointer to where transaction status will be stored.
* @param data Pointer saying where to store the IDCODE value.
*
* @return ERROR_OK for success, else a fault code.
*/
static inline int dap_queue_idcode_read(struct swjdp_common *dap,
uint8_t *ack, uint32_t *data)
{
return dap->ops->queue_idcode_read(dap, ack, data);
}
/**
* Queue a DP register read.
* Note that not all DP registers are readable; also, that JTAG and SWD
* have slight differences in DP register support.
*
* @param dap The DAP used for reading.
* @param reg The two-bit number of the DP register being read.
* @param data Pointer saying where to store the register's value
* (in host endianness).
*
* @return ERROR_OK for success, else a fault code.
*/
static inline int dap_queue_dp_read(struct swjdp_common *dap,
unsigned reg, uint32_t *data)
{
return dap->ops->queue_dp_read(dap, reg, data);
}
/**
* Queue a DP register write.
* Note that not all DP registers are writable; also, that JTAG and SWD
* have slight differences in DP register support.
*
* @param dap The DAP used for writing.
* @param reg The two-bit number of the DP register being written.
* @param data Value being written (host endianness)
*
* @return ERROR_OK for success, else a fault code.
*/
static inline int dap_queue_dp_write(struct swjdp_common *dap,
unsigned reg, uint32_t data)
{
return dap->ops->queue_dp_write(dap, reg, data);
}
/**
* Queue an AP register read.
*
* @param dap The DAP used for reading.
* @param reg The number of the AP register being read.
* @param data Pointer saying where to store the register's value
* (in host endianness).
*
* @return ERROR_OK for success, else a fault code.
*/
static inline int dap_queue_ap_read(struct swjdp_common *dap,
unsigned reg, uint32_t *data)
{
return dap->ops->queue_ap_read(dap, reg, data);
}
/**
* Queue an AP register write.
*
* @param dap The DAP used for writing.
* @param reg The number of the AP register being written.
* @param data Value being written (host endianness)
*
* @return ERROR_OK for success, else a fault code.
*/
static inline int dap_queue_ap_write(struct swjdp_common *dap,
unsigned reg, uint32_t data)
{
return dap->ops->queue_ap_write(dap, reg, data);
}
/**
* Queue an AP abort operation. The current AP transaction is aborted,
* including any update of the transaction counter. The AP is left in
* an unknown state (so it must be re-initialized). For use only after
* the AP has reported WAIT status for an extended period.
*
* @param dap The DAP used for writing.
* @param ack Pointer to where transaction status will be stored.
*
* @return ERROR_OK for success, else a fault code.
*/
static inline int dap_queue_ap_abort(struct swjdp_common *dap, uint8_t *ack)
{
return dap->ops->queue_ap_abort(dap, ack);
}
/**
* Perform all queued DAP operations, and clear any errors posted in the
* CTRL_STAT register when they are done. Note that if more than one AP
* operation will be queued, one of the first operations in the queue
* should probably enable CORUNDETECT in the CTRL/STAT register.
*
* @param dap The DAP used.
*
* @return ERROR_OK for success, else a fault code.
*/
static inline int dap_run(struct swjdp_common *dap)
{
return dap->ops->run(dap);
}
/** Accessor for currently selected DAP-AP number (0..255) */ /** Accessor for currently selected DAP-AP number (0..255) */
static inline uint8_t dap_ap_get_select(struct swjdp_common *swjdp) static inline uint8_t dap_ap_get_select(struct swjdp_common *swjdp)
{ {
......
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