Commit 7b65cb36 authored by zwelch's avatar zwelch
Browse files

David Brownell <david-b@pacbell.net>:

Move the discussion of the "scan_chain" command up to go with
the presentation of that topic in the TAP declaration chapter.

This makes the presentation of the TAP and target lists be
parallel, which will be something of an aid to understanding
that they are different (and how).


git-svn-id: svn://svn.berlios.de/openocd/trunk@2223 b42882b7-edfa-0310-969c-e2dbd0fdcd60
parent 8551803e
......@@ -2132,22 +2132,43 @@ probes flash memory, performs low-level JTAG operations, and more.
@section Scan Chains
OpenOCD uses a JTAG adapter (interface) to talk to your board,
which has a daisy chain of TAPs.
That daisy chain is called a @dfn{scan chain}.
Simple configurations may have a single TAP in the scan chain,
perhaps for a microcontroller.
Complex configurations might have a dozen or more TAPs:
TAPs are part of a hardware @dfn{scan chain},
which is daisy chain of TAPs.
They also need to be added to
OpenOCD's software mirror of that hardware list,
giving each member a name and associating other data with it.
Simple scan chains, with a single TAP, are common in
systems with a single microcontroller or microprocessor.
More complex chips may have several TAPs internally.
Very complex scan chains might have a dozen or more TAPs:
several in one chip, more in the next, and connecting
to other boards with their own chips and TAPs.
You can display the list with the @command{scan_chain} command.
(Don't confuse this with the list displayed by the @command{targets}
command, presented in the next chapter.
That only displays TAPs for CPUs which are configured as
debugging targets.)
Here's what the scan chain might look like for a chip more than one TAP:
@verbatim
TapName Enabled IdCode Expected IrLen IrCap IrMask Instr
-- ------------------ ------- ---------- ---------- ----- ----- ------ -----
0 omap5912.dsp Y 0x03df1d81 0x03df1d81 38 0 0 0x...
1 omap5912.arm Y 0x0692602f 0x0692602f 4 0x1 0 0xc
2 omap5912.unknown Y 0x00000000 0x00000000 8 0 0 0xff
@end verbatim
Unfortunately those TAPs can't always be autoconfigured,
because not all devices provide good support for that.
(JTAG doesn't require supporting IDCODE instructions.)
JTAG doesn't require supporting IDCODE instructions, and
chips with JTAG routers may not link TAPs into the chain
until they are told to do so.
The configuration mechanism currently supported by OpenOCD
requires explicit configuration of all TAP devices using
@command{jtag newtap} commands.
One like this would declare a tap and name it @code{chip1.cpu}:
@command{jtag newtap} commands, as detailed later in this chapter.
A command like this would declare one tap and name it @code{chip1.cpu}:
@example
jtag newtap chip1 cpu -irlen 7 -ircapture 0x01 -irmask 0x55
......@@ -2180,6 +2201,29 @@ Actual config files use a variable instead of literals like
@option{str912}, to support more than one chip of each type.
@xref{Config File Guidelines}.
At this writing there is only a single command to work with
scan chains, and there is no support for enumerating
TAPs or examining their attributes.
@deffn Command {scan_chain}
Displays the TAPs in the scan chain configuration,
and their status.
The set of TAPs listed by this command is fixed by
exiting the OpenOCD configuration stage,
but systems with a JTAG router can
enable or disable TAPs dynamically.
In addition to the enable/disable status, the contents of
each TAP's instruction register can also change.
@end deffn
@c FIXME! there should be commands to enumerate TAPs
@c and get their attributes, like there are for targets.
@c "jtag cget ..." will handle attributes.
@c "jtag names" for enumerating TAPs, maybe.
@c Probably want "jtag eventlist", and a "tap-reset" event
@c (on entry to RESET state).
@section TAP Names
When TAP objects are declared with @command{jtag newtap},
......@@ -2202,7 +2246,7 @@ However its use is highly discouraged, and
should not be counted upon.
Update all of your scripts to use TAP names rather than numbers.
Using TAP numbers in target configuration scripts prevents
reusing on boards with multiple targets.
reusing those scripts on boards with multiple targets.
@end quotation
@section TAP Declaration Commands
......@@ -4981,17 +5025,6 @@ Instructions often need some time
to execute before they take effect.
@end deffn
@deffn Command {scan_chain}
Displays the TAPs in the scan chain configuration,
and their status.
The set of TAPs listed by this command is fixed by
exiting the OpenOCD configuration stage,
but systems with a JTAG router can
enable or disable TAPs dynamically.
In addition to the enable/disable status, the contents of
each TAP's instruction register can also change.
@end deffn
@c tms_sequence (short|long)
@c ... temporary, debug-only, probably gone before 0.2 ships
......
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