nand.h 7.93 KB
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/***************************************************************************
 *   Copyright (C) 2007 by Dominic Rath                                    *
 *   Dominic.Rath@gmx.de                                                   *
 *                                                                         *
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 *   Partially based on linux/include/linux/mtd/nand.h                     *
 *   Copyright (C) 2000 David Woodhouse <dwmw2@mvhi.com>                   *
 *   Copyright (C) 2000 Steven J. Hill <sjhill@realitydiluted.com>         *
 *   Copyright (C) 2000 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>               *
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 *                                                                         *
 *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify  *
 *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by  *
 *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or     *
 *   (at your option) any later version.                                   *
 *                                                                         *
 *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,       *
 *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of        *
 *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the         *
 *   GNU General Public License for more details.                          *
 *                                                                         *
 *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License     *
 *   along with this program; if not, write to the                         *
 *   Free Software Foundation, Inc.,                                       *
 *   59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.             *
 ***************************************************************************/
#ifndef NAND_H
#define NAND_H

#include "flash.h"

struct nand_device_s;

typedef struct nand_flash_controller_s
{
	char *name;
	int (*nand_device_command)(struct command_context_s *cmd_ctx, char *cmd, char **args, int argc, struct nand_device_s *device);
	int (*register_commands)(struct command_context_s *cmd_ctx);
	int (*init)(struct nand_device_s *device);
	int (*reset)(struct nand_device_s *device);
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	int (*command)(struct nand_device_s *device, uint8_t command);
	int (*address)(struct nand_device_s *device, uint8_t address);
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	int (*write_data)(struct nand_device_s *device, uint16_t data);
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	int (*read_data)(struct nand_device_s *device, void *data);
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	int (*write_block_data)(struct nand_device_s *device, uint8_t *data, int size);
	int (*read_block_data)(struct nand_device_s *device, uint8_t *data, int size);
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	int (*write_page)(struct nand_device_s *device, uint32_t page, uint8_t *data, uint32_t data_size, uint8_t *oob, uint32_t oob_size);
	int (*read_page)(struct nand_device_s *device, uint32_t page, uint8_t *data, uint32_t data_size, uint8_t *oob, uint32_t oob_size);
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	int (*controller_ready)(struct nand_device_s *device, int timeout);
	int (*nand_ready)(struct nand_device_s *device, int timeout);
} nand_flash_controller_t;

typedef struct nand_block_s
{
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	uint32_t offset;
	uint32_t size;
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	int is_erased;
	int is_bad;
} nand_block_t;

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struct nand_oobfree {
	int offset;
	int length;
};

typedef struct nand_ecclayout_s {
	int eccbytes;
	int eccpos[64];
	int oobavail;
	struct nand_oobfree oobfree[2];
} nand_ecclayout_t;

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typedef struct nand_device_s
{
	nand_flash_controller_t *controller;
	void *controller_priv;
	struct nand_manufacturer_s *manufacturer;
	struct nand_info_s *device;
	int bus_width;
	int address_cycles;
	int page_size;
	int erase_size;
	int use_raw;
	int num_blocks;
	nand_block_t *blocks;
	struct nand_device_s *next;
} nand_device_t;

/* NAND Flash Manufacturer ID Codes
 */
enum
{
	NAND_MFR_TOSHIBA = 0x98,
	NAND_MFR_SAMSUNG = 0xec,
	NAND_MFR_FUJITSU = 0x04,
	NAND_MFR_NATIONAL = 0x8f,
	NAND_MFR_RENESAS = 0x07,
	NAND_MFR_STMICRO = 0x20,
	NAND_MFR_HYNIX = 0xad,
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	NAND_MFR_MICRON = 0x2c,
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};

typedef struct nand_manufacturer_s
{
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	int id;
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	char *name;
} nand_manufacturer_t;

typedef struct nand_info_s
{
	char *name;
	int id;
	int page_size;
	int chip_size;
	int erase_size;
	int options;
} nand_info_t;

/* Option constants for bizarre disfunctionality and real features
 */
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enum {
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	/* Chip can not auto increment pages */
	NAND_NO_AUTOINCR = 0x00000001,
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	/* Buswitdh is 16 bit */
	NAND_BUSWIDTH_16 = 0x00000002,
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	/* Device supports partial programming without padding */
	NAND_NO_PADDING = 0x00000004,
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	/* Chip has cache program function */
	NAND_CACHEPRG = 0x00000008,
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	/* Chip has copy back function */
	NAND_COPYBACK = 0x00000010,
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	/* AND Chip which has 4 banks and a confusing page / block
	 * assignment. See Renesas datasheet for further information */
	NAND_IS_AND = 0x00000020,
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	/* Chip has a array of 4 pages which can be read without
	 * additional ready /busy waits */
	NAND_4PAGE_ARRAY = 0x00000040,
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	/* Chip requires that BBT is periodically rewritten to prevent
	 * bits from adjacent blocks from 'leaking' in altering data.
	 * This happens with the Renesas AG-AND chips, possibly others.  */
	BBT_AUTO_REFRESH = 0x00000080,
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	/* Chip does not require ready check on read. True
	 * for all large page devices, as they do not support
	 * autoincrement.*/
	NAND_NO_READRDY = 0x00000100,
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	/* Options valid for Samsung large page devices */
	NAND_SAMSUNG_LP_OPTIONS = (NAND_NO_PADDING | NAND_CACHEPRG | NAND_COPYBACK),
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	/* Options for new chips with large page size. The pagesize and the
	 * erasesize is determined from the extended id bytes
	 */
	LP_OPTIONS = (NAND_SAMSUNG_LP_OPTIONS | NAND_NO_READRDY | NAND_NO_AUTOINCR),
	LP_OPTIONS16 = (LP_OPTIONS | NAND_BUSWIDTH_16),
};

enum
{
	/* Standard NAND flash commands */
	NAND_CMD_READ0 = 0x0,
	NAND_CMD_READ1 = 0x1,
	NAND_CMD_RNDOUT = 0x5,
	NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG = 0x10,
	NAND_CMD_READOOB = 0x50,
	NAND_CMD_ERASE1 = 0x60,
	NAND_CMD_STATUS	= 0x70,
	NAND_CMD_STATUS_MULTI = 0x71,
	NAND_CMD_SEQIN = 0x80,
	NAND_CMD_RNDIN = 0x85,
	NAND_CMD_READID = 0x90,
	NAND_CMD_ERASE2 = 0xd0,
	NAND_CMD_RESET = 0xff,
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	/* Extended commands for large page devices */
	NAND_CMD_READSTART = 0x30,
	NAND_CMD_RNDOUTSTART = 0xE0,
	NAND_CMD_CACHEDPROG = 0x15,
};

/* Status bits */
enum
{
	NAND_STATUS_FAIL = 0x01,
	NAND_STATUS_FAIL_N1 = 0x02,
	NAND_STATUS_TRUE_READY = 0x20,
	NAND_STATUS_READY = 0x40,
	NAND_STATUS_WP = 0x80,
};

/* OOB (spare) data formats */
enum oob_formats
{
	NAND_OOB_NONE = 0x0,	/* no OOB data at all */
	NAND_OOB_RAW = 0x1,		/* raw OOB data (16 bytes for 512b page sizes, 64 bytes for 2048b page sizes) */
	NAND_OOB_ONLY = 0x2,	/* only OOB data */
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	NAND_OOB_SW_ECC = 0x10,	/* when writing, use SW ECC (as opposed to no ECC) */
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	NAND_OOB_HW_ECC = 0x20, /* when writing, use HW ECC (as opposed to no ECC) */
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	NAND_OOB_SW_ECC_KW = 0x40, /* when writing, use Marvell's Kirkwood bootrom format */
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	NAND_OOB_JFFS2 = 0x100,	/* when writing, use JFFS2 OOB layout */
	NAND_OOB_YAFFS2 = 0x100,/* when writing, use YAFFS2 OOB layout */
};

/* Function prototypes */
extern nand_device_t *get_nand_device_by_num(int num);
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extern int nand_read_page_raw(struct nand_device_s *device, uint32_t page, uint8_t *data, uint32_t data_size, uint8_t *oob, uint32_t oob_size);
extern int nand_write_page_raw(struct nand_device_s *device, uint32_t page, uint8_t *data, uint32_t data_size, uint8_t *oob, uint32_t oob_size);
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extern int nand_read_status(struct nand_device_s *device, uint8_t *status);
extern int nand_calculate_ecc(struct nand_device_s *device, const uint8_t *dat, uint8_t *ecc_code);
extern int nand_calculate_ecc_kw(struct nand_device_s *device, const uint8_t *dat, uint8_t *ecc_code);
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extern int nand_register_commands(struct command_context_s *cmd_ctx);
extern int nand_init(struct command_context_s *cmd_ctx);
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#define		ERROR_NAND_DEVICE_INVALID		(-1100)
#define		ERROR_NAND_OPERATION_FAILED		(-1101)
#define		ERROR_NAND_OPERATION_TIMEOUT	(-1102)
#define		ERROR_NAND_OPERATION_NOT_SUPPORTED	(-1103)
#define		ERROR_NAND_DEVICE_NOT_PROBED	(-1104)
#define		ERROR_NAND_ERROR_CORRECTION_FAILED	(-1105)
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#define		ERROR_NAND_NO_BUFFER			(-1106)
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#endif /* NAND_H */