target.h 13.7 KB
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/***************************************************************************
 *   Copyright (C) 2005 by Dominic Rath                                    *
 *   Dominic.Rath@gmx.de                                                   *
 *                                                                         *
 *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify  *
 *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by  *
 *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or     *
 *   (at your option) any later version.                                   *
 *                                                                         *
 *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,       *
 *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of        *
 *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the         *
 *   GNU General Public License for more details.                          *
 *                                                                         *
 *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License     *
 *   along with this program; if not, write to the                         *
 *   Free Software Foundation, Inc.,                                       *
 *   59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.             *
 ***************************************************************************/
#ifndef TARGET_H
#define TARGET_H

#include "register.h"
#include "breakpoints.h"
#include "algorithm.h"
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#include "trace.h"
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#include "command.h"
#include "types.h"

#include <sys/time.h>
#include <time.h>

struct reg_s;
struct command_context_s;
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/*
TARGET_UNKNOWN = 0: we don't know anything about the target yet
TARGET_RUNNING = 1: the target is executing user code
TARGET_HALTED  = 2: the target is not executing code, and ready to talk to the
debugger. on an xscale it means that the debug handler is executing
TARGET_RESET   = 3: the target is being held in reset (only a temporary state,
not sure how this is used with all the recent changes)
TARGET_DEBUG_RUNNING = 4: the target is running, but it is executing code on
behalf of the debugger (e.g. algorithm for flashing)
*/
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enum target_state
{
	TARGET_UNKNOWN = 0,
	TARGET_RUNNING = 1,
	TARGET_HALTED = 2,
	TARGET_RESET = 3,
	TARGET_DEBUG_RUNNING = 4,
};

extern char *target_state_strings[];

enum target_reset_mode
{
	RESET_RUN = 0,		/* reset and let target run */
	RESET_HALT = 1,		/* reset and halt target out of reset */
	RESET_INIT = 2,		/* reset and halt target out of reset, then run init script */
	RESET_RUN_AND_HALT = 3, /* reset and let target run, halt after n milliseconds */
	RESET_RUN_AND_INIT = 4, /* reset and let target run, halt after n milliseconds, then run init script */
};

enum target_debug_reason
{
	DBG_REASON_DBGRQ = 0,
	DBG_REASON_BREAKPOINT = 1,
	DBG_REASON_WATCHPOINT = 2,
	DBG_REASON_WPTANDBKPT = 3,
	DBG_REASON_SINGLESTEP = 4,
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	DBG_REASON_NOTHALTED = 5,
	DBG_REASON_UNDEFINED = 6
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};

extern char *target_debug_reason_strings[];

enum target_endianess
{
	TARGET_BIG_ENDIAN = 0, TARGET_LITTLE_ENDIAN = 1
};

extern char *target_endianess_strings[];

struct target_s;

typedef struct working_area_s
{
	u32 address;
	u32 size;
	int free;
	u8 *backup;
	struct working_area_s **user;
	struct working_area_s *next;
} working_area_t;

typedef struct target_type_s
{
	char *name;
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	int examined;
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	/* poll current target status */
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	int (*poll)(struct target_s *target);
	/* Invoked only from target_arch_state().
	 * Issue USER() w/architecture specific status.  */
	int (*arch_state)(struct target_s *target);
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	/* target request support */
	int (*target_request_data)(struct target_s *target, u32 size, u8 *buffer);

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	/* halt will log a warning, but return ERROR_OK if the target is already halted. */
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	int (*halt)(struct target_s *target);
	int (*resume)(struct target_s *target, int current, u32 address, int handle_breakpoints, int debug_execution);
	int (*step)(struct target_s *target, int current, u32 address, int handle_breakpoints);
	
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	/* target reset control. assert reset can be invoked when OpenOCD and
	 * the target is out of sync.
	 * 
	 * A typical example is that the target was power cycled while OpenOCD
	 * thought the target was halted or running.
	 * 
	 * assert_reset() can therefore make no assumptions whatsoever about the
	 * state of the target 
	 * 
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	 * Before assert_reset() for the target is invoked, a TRST/tms and
	 * chain validation is executed. TRST should not be asserted
	 * during target assert unless there is no way around it due to
	 * the way reset's are configured.
	 * 
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	 */
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	int (*assert_reset)(struct target_s *target);
	int (*deassert_reset)(struct target_s *target);
	int (*soft_reset_halt)(struct target_s *target);
	
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	/* target register access for gdb.
	 * 
	 * Danger! this function will succeed even if the target is running
	 * and return a register list with dummy values.
	 * 
	 * The reason is that GDB connection will fail without a valid register
	 * list, however it is after GDB is connected that monitor commands can
	 * be run to properly initialize the target
	 */
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	int (*get_gdb_reg_list)(struct target_s *target, struct reg_s **reg_list[], int *reg_list_size);
	
	/* target memory access 
	* size: 1 = byte (8bit), 2 = half-word (16bit), 4 = word (32bit)
	* count: number of items of <size>
	*/
	int (*read_memory)(struct target_s *target, u32 address, u32 size, u32 count, u8 *buffer);
	int (*write_memory)(struct target_s *target, u32 address, u32 size, u32 count, u8 *buffer);
	
	/* write target memory in multiples of 4 byte, optimized for writing large quantities of data */
	int (*bulk_write_memory)(struct target_s *target, u32 address, u32 count, u8 *buffer);
	
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	int (*checksum_memory)(struct target_s *target, u32 address, u32 count, u32* checksum);
	
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	/* target break-/watchpoint control 
	* rw: 0 = write, 1 = read, 2 = access
	*/
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	int (*add_breakpoint)(struct target_s *target, breakpoint_t *breakpoint);
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	int (*remove_breakpoint)(struct target_s *target, breakpoint_t *breakpoint);
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	int (*add_watchpoint)(struct target_s *target, watchpoint_t *watchpoint);
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	int (*remove_watchpoint)(struct target_s *target, watchpoint_t *watchpoint);

	/* target algorithm support */
	int (*run_algorithm)(struct target_s *target, int num_mem_params, mem_param_t *mem_params, int num_reg_params, reg_param_t *reg_param, u32 entry_point, u32 exit_point, int timeout_ms, void *arch_info);
	
	int (*register_commands)(struct command_context_s *cmd_ctx);
	int (*target_command)(struct command_context_s *cmd_ctx, char *cmd, char **args, int argc, struct target_s *target);
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	/* invoked after JTAG chain has been examined & validated. During
	 * this stage the target is examined and any additional setup is
	 * performed.
	 * 
	 * invoked every time after the jtag chain has been validated/examined
	 */
	int (*examine)(struct command_context_s *cmd_ctx, struct target_s *target);
	/* Set up structures for target.
	 *  
	 * It is illegal to talk to the target at this stage as this fn is invoked
	 * before the JTAG chain has been examined/verified
     */
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	int (*init_target)(struct command_context_s *cmd_ctx, struct target_s *target);
	int (*quit)(void);
	
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	int (*virt2phys)(struct target_s *target, u32 address, u32 *physical);
	int (*mmu)(struct target_s *target, int *enabled);
	
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} target_type_t;

typedef struct target_s
{
	target_type_t *type;				/* target type definition (name, access functions) */
	enum target_reset_mode reset_mode;	/* what to do after a reset */
	int run_and_halt_time;				/* how long the target should run after a run_and_halt reset */
	char *reset_script;					/* script file to initialize the target after a reset */
	char *post_halt_script;				/* script file to execute after the target halted */
	char *pre_resume_script;			/* script file to execute before the target resumed */
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	char *gdb_program_script;			/* script file to execute before programming vis gdb */
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	u32 working_area;					/* working area (initialized RAM). Evaluated 
										   upon first allocation from virtual/physical address.
										  */
	u32 working_area_virt;				/* virtual address */
	u32 working_area_phys;				/* physical address */
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	u32 working_area_size;				/* size in bytes */
	u32 backup_working_area;			/* whether the content of the working area has to be preserved */
	struct working_area_s *working_areas;/* list of allocated working areas */
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	enum target_debug_reason debug_reason;/* reason why the target entered debug state */
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	enum target_endianess endianness;	/* target endianess */
	enum target_state state;			/* the current backend-state (running, halted, ...) */
	struct reg_cache_s *reg_cache;		/* the first register cache of the target (core regs) */
	struct breakpoint_s *breakpoints;	/* list of breakpoints */
	struct watchpoint_s *watchpoints;	/* list of watchpoints */
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	struct trace_s *trace_info;			/* generic trace information */
	struct debug_msg_receiver_s *dbgmsg;/* list of debug message receivers */
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	u32 dbg_msg_enabled;				/* debug message status */
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	void *arch_info;					/* architecture specific information */
	struct target_s *next;				/* next target in list */
} target_t;

enum target_event
{
	TARGET_EVENT_HALTED,		/* target entered debug state from normal execution or reset */
	TARGET_EVENT_RESUMED,		/* target resumed to normal execution */
	TARGET_EVENT_RESET,			/* target entered reset */
	TARGET_EVENT_DEBUG_HALTED,	/* target entered debug state, but was executing on behalf of the debugger */
	TARGET_EVENT_DEBUG_RESUMED, /* target resumed to execute on behalf of the debugger */
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	TARGET_EVENT_GDB_PROGRAM	/* target about to be be programmed by gdb */
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};

typedef struct target_event_callback_s
{
	int (*callback)(struct target_s *target, enum target_event event, void *priv);
	void *priv;
	struct target_event_callback_s *next;
} target_event_callback_t;

typedef struct target_timer_callback_s
{
	int (*callback)(void *priv);
	int time_ms;
	int periodic;
	struct timeval when;
	void *priv;
	struct target_timer_callback_s *next;
} target_timer_callback_t;

extern int target_register_commands(struct command_context_s *cmd_ctx);
extern int target_register_user_commands(struct command_context_s *cmd_ctx);
extern int target_init(struct command_context_s *cmd_ctx);
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extern int target_examine(struct command_context_s *cmd_ctx);
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extern int handle_target(void *priv);
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extern int target_process_reset(struct command_context_s *cmd_ctx);
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extern int target_register_event_callback(int (*callback)(struct target_s *target, enum target_event event, void *priv), void *priv);
extern int target_unregister_event_callback(int (*callback)(struct target_s *target, enum target_event event, void *priv), void *priv);
extern int target_call_event_callbacks(target_t *target, enum target_event event);

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/* The period is very approximate, the callback can happen much more often 
 * or much more rarely than specified
 */
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extern int target_register_timer_callback(int (*callback)(void *priv), int time_ms, int periodic, void *priv);
extern int target_unregister_timer_callback(int (*callback)(void *priv), void *priv);
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extern int target_call_timer_callbacks();
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/* invoke this to ensure that e.g. polling timer callbacks happen before
 * a syncrhonous command completes.
 */
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extern int target_call_timer_callbacks_now();
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extern target_t* get_current_target(struct command_context_s *cmd_ctx);
extern int get_num_by_target(target_t *query_target);
extern target_t* get_target_by_num(int num);

extern int target_write_buffer(struct target_s *target, u32 address, u32 size, u8 *buffer);
extern int target_read_buffer(struct target_s *target, u32 address, u32 size, u8 *buffer);
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extern int target_checksum_memory(struct target_s *target, u32 address, u32 size, u32* crc);
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/* DANGER!!!!!
 * 
 * if "area" passed in to target_alloc_working_area() points to a memory
 * location that goes out of scope (e.g. a pointer on the stack), then
 * the caller of target_alloc_working_area() is responsible for invoking
 * target_free_working_area() before "area" goes out of scope.
 * 
 * target_free_all_working_areas() will NULL out the "area" pointer
 * upon resuming or resetting the CPU.
 * 
 */
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extern int target_alloc_working_area(struct target_s *target, u32 size, working_area_t **area);
extern int target_free_working_area(struct target_s *target, working_area_t *area);
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extern int target_free_working_area_restore(struct target_s *target, working_area_t *area, int restore);
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extern int target_free_all_working_areas(struct target_s *target);
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extern int target_free_all_working_areas_restore(struct target_s *target, int restore);

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extern target_t *targets;

extern target_event_callback_t *target_event_callbacks;
extern target_timer_callback_t *target_timer_callbacks;

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extern u32 target_buffer_get_u32(target_t *target, u8 *buffer);
extern u16 target_buffer_get_u16(target_t *target, u8 *buffer);
extern void target_buffer_set_u32(target_t *target, u8 *buffer, u32 value);
extern void target_buffer_set_u16(target_t *target, u8 *buffer, u16 value);

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int target_read_u32(struct target_s *target, u32 address, u32 *value);
int target_read_u16(struct target_s *target, u32 address, u16 *value);
int target_read_u8(struct target_s *target, u32 address, u8 *value);
int target_write_u32(struct target_s *target, u32 address, u32 value);
int target_write_u16(struct target_s *target, u32 address, u16 value);
int target_write_u8(struct target_s *target, u32 address, u8 value);
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/* Issues USER() statements with target state information */
int target_arch_state(struct target_s *target);

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#define ERROR_TARGET_INVALID	(-300)
#define ERROR_TARGET_INIT_FAILED (-301)
#define ERROR_TARGET_TIMEOUT	(-302)
#define ERROR_TARGET_NOT_HALTED (-304)
#define ERROR_TARGET_FAILURE	(-305)
#define ERROR_TARGET_UNALIGNED_ACCESS	(-306)
#define ERROR_TARGET_DATA_ABORT	(-307)
#define ERROR_TARGET_RESOURCE_NOT_AVAILABLE	(-308)
#define ERROR_TARGET_TRANSLATION_FAULT	(-309)

#endif /* TARGET_H */