Commit f502256b authored by schneider's avatar schneider
Browse files

remove firmware folder. bootloader stuff goes to firmware repo

parent 8f2c53db
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---
title: Bootloader
---
# `card10` Bootloader
## Inner Workings
The bootloader tries to mount the external flash chip (8 MB) as a FAT file system and then read the `card10.bin` file from it. If the file can be read and is not corrupted, the bootloader checks if the internal flash already contains this file and writes it to the internal flash if needed. Afterwards the bootloader tries to execute the file inside the internal flash.
- It is not possible to read the file from the internal flash using the bootloader
- If the bootloader fails to read a `card10.bin` file from the external flash, it will try to boot the file inside the internal flash.
## Inner Inner Workings
The bootloader sits at the beginning of the internal flash. It starts at address `0x1000 0000`. After the ROM code is done initializing the chip, it transfers execution to the code which address `0x1000 0004` points to. The bootloader can have a maximum size of 64 kB (as defined in `max32665_boot.ld`). At address `0x1001 0000` the code for core 0 starts (as defined in `max32665_core0.ld`. This is the address where the bootloader starts to write the contents of `card10.bin`. It then jumps to the address which `0x1001 0004` points to. It takes care to initialize the stack pointer and `SCB->VTOR` before doing so.
Please make sure to rename the `card10.bin` file to something else if you do not want the bootloader to overwrite the contents of the internal flash. This is important if you use GDB to flash your own experimental code. All code gets linked to address `0x1001 0000` (if compiled for core 0) and needs the bootloader to boot into it. This can only work if the bootloader is not able to fine a valid image on the external flash.
The bootloader checks the CRC of `card10.bin`. It needs to be 0. The script `crc_patch.py` in the `bootloader` directory is used to pad a binary file so that its CRC is 0.
### Multi image support
At the moment there is no support for multiple images to be flashed to different offsets. The single `card10.bin` files needs to contain all needed images and the necessary padding between them. This means that to support core 0 as well as core 1 with fixed offsets, padding bytes with the value `0xff` (to save the flash from write cycles) needs to added.
## Known Issues
Please contribute by improving the bootloader:
- Does properly work with the `sync` or `umount` commands on the host. The host need to `eject` the drive
- Does not ask the user when it is about to replace the contents of the internal flash
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